BARON DE HIRSCH FUND


BARON DE HIRSCH FUND
BARON DE HIRSCH FUND, fund established by baron maurice de hirsch , the financier and philanthropist who dedicated his fortune to the welfare of East European Jews at a time when worsening conditions in Russia made mass emigration a stark necessity. Convinced that modern secular education could ameliorate the lot of his oppressed brethren, De Hirsch hoped to regenerate them into a class of independent farmers and handicraftsmen in the New World. In 1889, on the advice of oscar s. straus and michael heilprin , De Hirsch allocated the proceeds of a $2,400,000 fund toward agricultural colonies and trade schools in the United States. With the cooperation of Jacob Schiff and other American Jewish leaders, the Baron de Hirsch Fund was incorporated in New York in 1891. Judge Myer S. Isaacs became president; Schiff, vice president; and the trustees included Straus, Mayer Sulzberger, and William Hackenburg. A subsidized rural community, Woodbine, was established in southern New Jersey, with an agricultural school which functioned until 1917. In New York the Baron de Hirsch Trade School continued to serve a generation of immigrants. Significant also was the fund's support of the Jewish Agricultural Society and of classes in English, legal aid, and other services to integrate newcomers in America. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Joseph, History of the Baron de Hirsch Fund (1935). (Jehoshua Brand)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HIRSCH, BARON MAURICE DE — (Moritz Freiherr von Hirsch; 1831–1896), German financier and philanthropist. Born in Munich, Hirsch was the son of Baron Joseph von Hirsch auf Gereuth (1805–1885, from 1869 Baron) and grandson of Baron Jacob von Hirsch (1765–1840, from 1818 von… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baron Hirsch — Baron Maurice de Hirsch (* 9. Dezember 1831 in München; † 21. April 1896 in der Nähe von Ersek Ujvar (Ungarn); gebürtig Moritz Freiherr von Hirsch auf Gereuth) war ein jüdisch deutscher Unternehmer und Philanthrop. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baron Maurice de Hirsch — (* 9. Dezember 1831 in München; † 21. April 1896 in der Nähe von Ersek Ujvar (Ungarn); gebürtig Moritz Freiherr von Hirsch auf Gereuth) war ein jüdisch deutscher Unternehmer und Philanthrop. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und erste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hirsch, Maurice, baron de — ▪ European businessman (French), German in full  Moritz, Freiherr (baron) von Hirsch auf Gereuth  born Dec. 9, 1831, Munich, Bavaria [Germany] died April 21, 1896, Érsekújvár, Hung.       Jewish businessman noted for his extensive philanthropy.… …   Universalium

  • Hirsch, Maurice de — (1831 96)    German financier and philanthropist. He was born in Munich, moved to Brussels in 1851, and later settled in Paris. In 1873 he made contributions to the Alliance Israelite Universelle to establish Jewish schools in Turkey, and in 1891 …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Maurice de Hirsch — Baron Maurice de Hirsch (* 9. Dezember 1831 in München; † 21. April 1896 in der Nähe von Ersek Ujvar (Ungarn); gebürtig Moritz Freiherr von Hirsch auf Gereuth) war ein jüdisch deutscher Unternehmer und Philanthrop. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maurice de Hirsch — For the American Orthodox Jewish congregation and synagogue, see Baron Hirsch Synagogue. Maurice de Hirsch / Moritz von Hirsch Baron Moritz von Hirsch auf Gereuth Born 9 December 1831(1831 12 09) …   Wikipedia

  • JEWISH COLONIZATION ASSOCIATION (ICA) — JEWISH COLONIZATION ASSOCIATION (ICA), philanthropic association to assist Jews in depressed economic circumstances or countries of persecution to emigrate and settle elsewhere in productive employment, founded by baron maurice de hirsch in 1891 …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • NEW YORK CITY — NEW YORK CITY, foremost city of the Western Hemisphere and largest urban Jewish community in history; pop. 7,771,730 (1970), est. Jewish pop. 1,836,000 (1968); metropolitan area 11,448,480 (1970), metropolitan area Jewish (1968), 2,381,000… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • UNITED STATES OF AMERICA — UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, country in N. America. This article is arranged according to the following outline: introduction Colonial Era, 1654–1776 Early National Period, 1776–1820 German Jewish Period, 1820–1880 East European Jewish Period,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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